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Spring Boot防止接口恶意刷新和暴力请求代码实现方法

时间:2022-06-06 15:57:25 编辑:袖梨 来源:一聚教程网

本篇文章小编给大家分享一下Spring Boot防止接口恶意刷新和暴力请求代码实现方法,文章代码介绍的很详细,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家供大家参考,有需要的小伙伴们可以来看看。

在实际项目使用中,必须要考虑服务的安全性,当服务部署到互联网以后,就要考虑服务被恶意请求和暴力攻击的情况,下面的教程,通过intercept和redis针对url+ip在一定时间内访问的次数来将ip禁用,可以根据自己的需求进行相应的修改,来打打自己的目的;

首先工程为springboot框架搭建,不再详细叙述。直接上核心代码。

首先创建一个自定义的拦截器类,也是最核心的代码;

/**
 * @package: com.technicalinterest.group.interceptor
 * @className: IpUrlLimitInterceptor
 * @description: ip+url重复请求现在拦截器
 * @author: Shuyu.Wang
 * @date: 2019-10-12 12:34
 * @since: 0.1
 **/
@Slf4j
public class IpUrlLimitInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {
 
 
    private RedisUtil getRedisUtil() {
        return  SpringContextUtil.getBean(RedisUtil.class);
    }
 
    private static final String LOCK_IP_URL_KEY="lock_ip_";
 
    private static final String IP_URL_REQ_TIME="ip_url_times_";
 
    private static final long LIMIT_TIMES=5;
 
    private static final int IP_LOCK_TIME=60;
 
    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o) throws Exception {
        log.info("request请求地址uri={},ip={}", httpServletRequest.getRequestURI(), IpAdrressUtil.getIpAdrress(httpServletRequest));
        if (ipIsLock(IpAdrressUtil.getIpAdrress(httpServletRequest))){
            log.info("ip访问被禁止={}",IpAdrressUtil.getIpAdrress(httpServletRequest));
            ApiResult result = new ApiResult(ResultEnum.LOCK_IP);
            returnJson(httpServletResponse, JSON.toJSONString(result));
            return false;
        }
        if(!addRequestTime(IpAdrressUtil.getIpAdrress(httpServletRequest),httpServletRequest.getRequestURI())){
            ApiResult result = new ApiResult(ResultEnum.LOCK_IP);
            returnJson(httpServletResponse, JSON.toJSONString(result));
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }
 
    @Override
    public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, ModelAndView modelAndView) throws Exception {
 
    }
 
    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, Exception e) throws Exception {
 
    }
 
    /**
     * @Description: 判断ip是否被禁用
     * @author: shuyu.wang
     * @date: 2019-10-12 13:08
     * @param ip
     * @return java.lang.Boolean
     */
    private Boolean ipIsLock(String ip){
        RedisUtil redisUtil=getRedisUtil();
        if(redisUtil.hasKey(LOCK_IP_URL_KEY+ip)){
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
    /**
     * @Description: 记录请求次数
     * @author: shuyu.wang
     * @date: 2019-10-12 17:18
     * @param ip
     * @param uri
     * @return java.lang.Boolean
     */
    private Boolean addRequestTime(String ip,String uri){
        String key=IP_URL_REQ_TIME+ip+uri;
        RedisUtil redisUtil=getRedisUtil();
        if (redisUtil.hasKey(key)){
            long time=redisUtil.incr(key,(long)1);
            if (time>=LIMIT_TIMES){
                redisUtil.getLock(LOCK_IP_URL_KEY+ip,ip,IP_LOCK_TIME);
                return false;
            }
        }else {
            redisUtil.getLock(key,(long)1,1);
        }
        return true;
    }
 
    private void returnJson(HttpServletResponse response, String json) throws Exception {
        PrintWriter writer = null;
        response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        response.setContentType("text/json; charset=utf-8");
        try {
            writer = response.getWriter();
            writer.print(json);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            log.error("LoginInterceptor response error ---> {}", e.getMessage(), e);
        } finally {
            if (writer != null) {
                writer.close();
            }
        }
    }
 
 
}

代码中redis的使用的是分布式锁的形式,这样可以最大程度保证线程安全和功能的实现效果。代码中设置的是1S内同一个接口通过同一个ip访问5次,就将该ip禁用1个小时,根据自己项目需求可以自己适当修改,实现自己想要的功能;

redis分布式锁的关键代码:

/**
 * @package: com.shuyu.blog.util
 * @className: RedisUtil
 * @description:
 * @author: Shuyu.Wang
 * @date: 2019-07-14 14:42
 * @since: 0.1
 **/
@Component
@Slf4j
public class RedisUtil {
 
    private static final Long SUCCESS = 1L;
 
    @Autowired
    private RedisTemplate redisTemplate;
    // =============================common============================
 
    
 
    /**
     * 获取锁
     * @param lockKey
     * @param value
     * @param expireTime:单位-秒
     * @return
     */
    public boolean getLock(String lockKey, Object value, int expireTime) {
        try {
            log.info("添加分布式锁key={},expireTime={}",lockKey,expireTime);
            String script = "if redis.call('setNx',KEYS[1],ARGV[1]) then if redis.call('get',KEYS[1])==ARGV[1] then return redis.call('expire',KEYS[1],ARGV[2]) else return 0 end end";
            RedisScript redisScript = new DefaultRedisScript<>(script, String.class);
            Object result = redisTemplate.execute(redisScript, Collections.singletonList(lockKey), value, expireTime);
            if (SUCCESS.equals(result)) {
                return true;
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return false;
    }
 
    /**
     * 释放锁
     * @param lockKey
     * @param value
     * @return
     */
    public boolean releaseLock(String lockKey, String value) {
        String script = "if redis.call('get', KEYS[1]) == ARGV[1] then return redis.call('del', KEYS[1]) else return 0 end";
        RedisScript redisScript = new DefaultRedisScript<>(script, String.class);
        Object result = redisTemplate.execute(redisScript, Collections.singletonList(lockKey), value);
        if (SUCCESS.equals(result)) {
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
 
}

最后将上面自定义的拦截器通过registry.addInterceptor添加一下,就生效了;

@Configuration
@Slf4j
public class MyWebAppConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {
    @Bean
    IpUrlLimitInterceptor getIpUrlLimitInterceptor(){
        return new IpUrlLimitInterceptor();
    }
 
 @Override
    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        registry.addInterceptor(getIpUrlLimitInterceptor()).addPathPatterns("/**");
        super.addInterceptors(registry);
    }
}

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