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Android自定义控件实现带数值和动画的圆形进度条

时间:2018-12-25 10:44:52 编辑:猪哥 来源:转载

本文实例实现一个如下图所示的Android自定义控件,可以直观地展示某个球队在某个赛季的积分数和胜场、负场、平局数

Android自定义控件实现带数值和动画的圆形进度条

首先对画布进行区域划分,整个控件分上下两部分

上边是个大的圆环,圆环中间两行文字,没什么难度,选好圆心坐标和半径后直接绘制即可,绘制文字也是如此。

下部分是三个小的圆弧进度条,弧的末端绘制一个小的实心圆

首先选好坐标和半径,然后先绘制三个圆环作为弧形进度条的背景

之后从12点钟开始绘制进度弧,知道了圆环的圆心和半径,也知道了弧对应于12点钟和圆环圆心的偏移角度

通过三角函数可以计算出进度弧终点坐标,以进度弧终点坐标为圆心绘制一个小的实心圆即可

动画效果通过Handler的postDelayed方法触发重绘即可实现

在项目中的效果如图所示:

Android自定义控件实现带数值和动画的圆形进度条

测试代码如下:

final Random random=new Random();
final ScoreBoardView myView=(ScoreBoardView)findViewById(R.id.custom_view);
myView.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener(){
 @Override
 public void onClick(View v){
  myView.setColor(Color.BLUE);
  myView.setScore(random.nextInt(28));
  myView.setWinDrawLose(random.nextInt(12),random.nextInt(15),random.nextInt(26));
 }
});

完整代码如下:

public class ScoreBoardView extends View {
 private Context context;
 /*弧的颜色*/
 private int mColor;
 /*积分数,胜场数,平局数,负场数*/
 private int mScore, mWinNumber, mDrawNumber, mLoseNumber;
 /*传入数字的最大值*/
 private final int FULL_SCORE = 30;
 /*动画插值器*/
 DecelerateInterpolator mDecelerateInterpolator = new DecelerateInterpolator();
 /*动画持续时间(刷新次数)*/
 private int mDuration = 10;
 /*动画刷新过程中的当前值*/
 private int mCurrentTime = 0;
 private TypedValue typedValue;
 private TypedValue typedValue1;
 private Handler mHandler = new Handler();
 private Runnable mAnimation = new Runnable() {
  @Override
  public void run() {
   if (mCurrentTime < mDuration) {
    mCurrentTime++;
    /*导致重绘调用onDraw,onDraw最后再次postDelay执行此动画,直到达到指定的次数*/
    ScoreBoardView.this.invalidate();
   }
  }
 };
 /*绘制图形*/
 private Paint paint = new Paint();
 /*绘制文字*/
 private Paint paintText = new Paint();
 
 public ScoreBoardView(Context context) {
  super(context);
  this.context=context;
  init();
 }
 
 public ScoreBoardView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
  super(context, attrs);
  this.context=context;
  init();
 }
 
 public ScoreBoardView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
  super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
  this.context=context;
  init();
 }
 
 private void init() {
  /*数据初始化,默认属性*/
  mColor = Color.rgb(95, 112, 72);
  mScore = 0;
  mWinNumber = 0;
  mDrawNumber = 0;
  mLoseNumber = 0;
  typedValue=new TypedValue();
  typedValue1=new TypedValue();
  context.getTheme().resolveAttribute(R.attr.maintextclor, typedValue, true);
  context.getTheme().resolveAttribute(R.attr.maintextclor_reverse,typedValue1,true);
 }
 
 @Override
 protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
  super.onDraw(canvas);
  /*获取控件总的宽高*/
  float totalWidth = getWidth();
  float totalHeight = getHeight();
  /*
  * DecelerateInterpolator:动画从开始到结束,变化率是一个减速的过程。
  * AccelerateInterpolator:动画从开始到结束,变化率是一个加速的过程。
  * CycleInterpolator:动画从开始到结束,变化率是循环给定次数的正弦曲线
  * AccelerateDecelerateInterpolator:动画从开始到结束,变化率是先加速后减速的过程。
  * LinearInterpolator:动画从开始到结束,变化率是线性变化。
  * */
  /*计算当前时刻动画进度值*/
  float AnimCurrentValue =mDecelerateInterpolator.getInterpolation(1.0f * mCurrentTime / mDuration);
 
  /*图形画笔设置*/
  paint.setAntiAlias(true);
  paint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
 
  /*积分数,上边的大圆*/
  paint.setStrokeWidth(4);
  paint.setColor(mColor);
  /*积分大圆的中心坐标和半径*/
  float score_radius = totalHeight * 1 / 5, score_circle_x = totalWidth / 2, score_circle_y = totalHeight / 3;
  /*绘制圆弧*/
  canvas.drawCircle(score_circle_x, score_circle_y, score_radius, paint);
  /*文字画笔基本设置*/
  paintText.setAntiAlias(true);
  paintText.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
  /*文字从中间开始绘制*/
  /*Paint.Align.CENTER:The text is drawn centered horizontally on the x,y origin*/
  paintText.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.CENTER);
  /*文字画笔大小和颜色设置*/
  paintText.setTextSize(score_radius * 3 / 4);
  paintText.setColor(getResources().getColor(typedValue.resourceId));
  /*圆心位置绘制积分数值*/
  canvas.drawText("" + mScore, score_circle_x, score_circle_y, paintText);
  /*缩小字体绘制文本信息*/
  paintText.setTextSize(score_radius * 1 / 4);
  paintText.setAlpha(80);
  /*圆心下边绘制文本*/
  canvas.drawText("积分", score_circle_x, score_circle_y + score_radius / 2, paintText);
 
  /*设置画笔,画下边的三个小圆*/
  paint.setStrokeWidth(4);
  paint.setAlpha(255);
  /*下边三个小圆的半径*/
  float small_radius = totalHeight / 10;
  /*三个小圆的圆心的x坐标*/
  float[] circleXs = new float[]{totalWidth / 2 - score_radius * 3 / 2,
          totalWidth / 2,
          totalWidth / 2 + score_radius * 3 / 2};
  /*三个小圆的圆心的y坐标*/
  float circleY = totalHeight * 3 / 4;
  /*计算三个小圆弧扫过的角度*/
  float[] theta_values = new float[]{360 * mWinNumber / FULL_SCORE* AnimCurrentValue,
           360 * mDrawNumber / FULL_SCORE* AnimCurrentValue,
           360 * mLoseNumber / FULL_SCORE* AnimCurrentValue};
  /*设置画笔颜色,绘制外围圆环*/
  paint.setColor(getResources().getColor(typedValue1.resourceId));
  /*分别绘制三个外围圆环*/
  canvas.drawCircle(circleXs[0], circleY, small_radius, paint);//画WIN背景圆
  canvas.drawCircle(circleXs[1], circleY, small_radius, paint);//画DRAW背景圆
  canvas.drawCircle(circleXs[2], circleY, small_radius, paint);//画LOSE背景圆
  /*更改画笔颜色,绘制圆弧进度条*/
  paint.setColor(mColor);
  /*drawArc的起始角度是3点钟方向,因此要从12点钟方向开始绘制,起始角度为270度*/
  canvas.drawArc(new RectF(circleXs[0] - small_radius,
         circleY - small_radius,
         circleXs[0] + small_radius,
         circleY + small_radius),
      270, theta_values[0], false, paint);//画WIN圆形进度条
  canvas.drawArc(new RectF(circleXs[1] - small_radius,
         circleY - small_radius,
         circleXs[1] + small_radius,
         circleY + small_radius),
      270, theta_values[1], false, paint);//画DRAW圆形进度条
  canvas.drawArc(new RectF(circleXs[2] - small_radius,
         circleY - small_radius,
         circleXs[2] + small_radius,
         circleY + small_radius),
      270, theta_values[2], false, paint);//画LOSE圆形进度条
  /*绘制圆弧结束处的小圆点,实心圆*/
  paint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL);
  /*已知半径、圆心位置、便宜角度,根据三角函数很方便计算出小实心圆圆心坐标*/
  canvas.drawCircle(circleXs[0] + small_radius * (float) Math.sin(theta_values[0] * Math.PI / 180),
    circleY - small_radius * (float) Math.cos(theta_values[0] * Math.PI / 180), 6, paint);//画WIN末尾小圆点
  canvas.drawCircle(circleXs[1] + small_radius * (float) Math.sin(theta_values[1] * Math.PI / 180),
    circleY - small_radius * (float) Math.cos(theta_values[1] * Math.PI / 180), 6, paint);//画DRAW末尾小圆点
  canvas.drawCircle(circleXs[2] + small_radius * (float) Math.sin(theta_values[2] * Math.PI / 180),
    circleY - small_radius * (float) Math.cos(theta_values[2] * Math.PI / 180), 6, paint);//画LOSE末尾小圆点
 
  /*绘制文字*/
  paintText.setColor(getResources().getColor(typedValue.resourceId));
  paintText.setTextSize(small_radius * 2 / 3);
  /*测量文字大小,确定绘制文字时垂直方向的位置*/
  Paint.FontMetrics fontMetrics = paint.getFontMetrics();
  float textBaseLineOffset = (fontMetrics.bottom - fontMetrics.top) / 2 - fontMetrics.bottom;
  /*在三个小圆的正中心位置绘制相应的数字*/
  canvas.drawText("" + (int)(mWinNumber * AnimCurrentValue), circleXs[0], circleY + textBaseLineOffset, paintText);
  canvas.drawText("" + (int)(mDrawNumber * AnimCurrentValue), circleXs[1], circleY + textBaseLineOffset, paintText);
  canvas.drawText("" + (int)(mLoseNumber * AnimCurrentValue), circleXs[2], circleY + textBaseLineOffset, paintText);
  /*调整字体大小,绘制文本信息*/
  paintText.setTextSize(small_radius * 4 / 9);
  canvas.drawText("胜场", circleXs[0], circleY - small_radius*4/3, paintText);
  canvas.drawText("平局", circleXs[1], circleY - small_radius*4/3, paintText);
  canvas.drawText("负场", circleXs[2], circleY - small_radius*4/3, paintText);
  /*20ms刷新一次数据*/
  mHandler.postDelayed(mAnimation, 20);//启动动画
 }
 
 public void setColor(int mColor) {
  this.mColor = mColor;
  invalidate();
 }
 
 public void setScore(int score) {
  this.mScore = score;
  invalidate();
 }
 
 public void setWinDrawLose(int win,int draw,int lose) {
  this.mWinNumber = win;
  this.mDrawNumber = draw;
  this.mLoseNumber = lose;
  mCurrentTime =0;
  invalidate();
 }
}

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