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MAC利用brew命令安装PHP7环境的方法

时间:2016-08-12 00:00:00 编辑:简简单单 来源:转载

最近几年一直在LNMP环境下进行开发,其中的PHP还是5.5版本,有点老旧,去年12月PHP7已经正式发布,新增了一些语法特性,最大的亮点是性能的提升,所以一直想升级到PHP7,由于时间关系一直拖到现在。到写本文为止PHP最新版本为:7.0.9的stable,所以稳定性上基本不用担心。

之前写的 MAC下安装LNMP环境 是用brew安装的,这次升级PHP7继续使用brew, 安装/升级软件很方便。

升级brew

brew update
配置

brew tap homebrew/dupes
brew tap homebrew/versions 
brew tap homebrew/homebrew-php
安装PHP7

brew install php70
遇到的问题

安装提示:

➜  ~ brew install php70
==> Installing php70 from homebrew/php
Error: Cannot install homebrew/php/php70 because conflicting formulae are installed.

  php55: because different php versions install the same binaries.

Please `brew unlink php55` before continuing.

Unlinking removes a formula's symlinks from /usr/local. You can
link the formula again after the install finishes. You can --force this
install, but the build may fail or cause obscure side-effects in the
resulting software.
根据提示执行: brew unlink php55
继续安装: brew install php70

配置文件

安装好后生成的配置文件都在 /usr/local/etc/php/7.0 目录里,分别如下:

php.ini /usr/local/etc/php/7.0/php.ini
php-fpm.conf /usr/local/etc/php/7.0/php-fpm.conf
php, phpize, php-config ls /usr/local/opt/php70/bin
php-fpm /usr/local/opt/php70/sbin/php-fpm

加入开机启动

mkdir -p ~/Library/LaunchAgents
ln -sfv /usr/local/opt/php70/homebrew.mxcl.php70.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents/
launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.php70.plist
命令行配置

vim ~/.zshrc

export PATH="$(brew --prefix php55)/bin:$PATH"
替换为
export PATH="$(brew --prefix homebrew/php/php70)/bin:$PATH"

alias php-fpm.start="launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.php55.plist"
alias php-fpm.stop="launchctl unload -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.php5.plist"
alias php-fpm.restart='php-fpm.stop && php-fpm.start'
修改为

alias php-fpm.start="launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.php70.plist"
alias php-fpm.stop="launchctl unload -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.php70.plist"
alias php-fpm.restart='php-fpm.stop && php-fpm.start'
重新加载配置文件

source ~/.zshrc
验证版本

PHP版本

➜  ~ /usr/local/opt/php70/bin/php -v
PHP 7.0.9 (cli) (built: Jul 21 2016 14:50:47) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2016 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2016 Zend Technologies
php-fpm版本

➜  ~ /usr/local/opt/php70/sbin/php-fpm -v
PHP 7.0.9 (fpm-fcgi) (built: Jul 21 2016 14:50:51)
Copyright (c) 1997-2016 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2016 Zend Technologies
启动PHP-FPM

执行: php-fpm.start

检查是否启动成功:

➜  ~ ps aux|grep php-fpm
qloog           60380   0.2  0.0  2432792    604 s001  R+    6:00PM   0:00.00 grep --color=auto --exclude-dir=.bzr --exclude-dir=CVS --exclude-dir=.git --exclude-dir=.hg --exclude-dir=.svn php-fpm
qloog           60378   0.0  0.0  2473348    620   ??  S     6:00PM   0:00.00 /usr/local/opt/php70/sbin/php-fpm --fpm-config /usr/local/etc/php/7.0/php-fpm.conf
qloog           60377   0.0  0.0  2473348    648   ??  S     6:00PM   0:00.00 /usr/local/opt/php70/sbin/php-fpm --fpm-config /usr/local/etc/php/7.0/php-fpm.conf
qloog           60372   0.0  0.0  2475396   7844   ??  S     6:00PM   0:00.03 /usr/local/opt/php70/sbin/php-fpm --fpm-config /usr/local/etc/php/7.0/php-fpm.conf
安装扩展

yaf

brew install php70-yaf

配置文件
/usr/local/etc/php/7.0/conf.d/ext-yaf.ini

memcached

brew install php70-memcached

配置文件
/usr/local/etc/php/7.0/conf.d/ext-memcached.ini

redis

brew install php70-redis

配置文件
/usr/local/etc/php/7.0/conf.d/ext-redis.ini

xdebug

brew install php70-xdebug

配置文件
/usr/local/etc/php/7.0/conf.d/ext-xdebug.ini

swoole

brew install php70-swoole

配置文件
/usr/local/etc/php/7.0/conf.d/ext-swoole.ini

更多扩展执行 brew install 扩展名 进行安装

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