一聚教程网:一个值得你收藏的教程网站

MySQL中报错:Can’t find file: ‘./mysql/plugin.frm’的解决方法

时间:2017-12-01 11:32:50 编辑:猪哥 来源:转载

发现问题

最近在工作中发现了一个问题,这个问题就是MySQL的磁盘满了,将数据库目录data移动到/data3目录,/etc/my.cnf里面也修改了相应的datadir目录,权限也赋予了,但是service mysql start;的时候报错,下面话不多说了,来一起看看详细的解决方法吧。

error log显示如下:

2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Warning] Using unique option prefix myisam-recover instead of myisam-recover-options is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. Please use the full name instead.
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled.
^G/usr/sbin/mysqld: Can't find file: './mysql/plugin.frm' (errno: 13 - Permission denied)
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [ERROR] Can't open the mysql.plugin table. Please run mysql_upgrade to create it.
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count buffer pool pages
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] InnoDB: Memory barrier is not used
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.8
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
2017-09-15 16:01:01 2420 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2017-09-15 16:01:02 2420 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2017-09-15 16:01:02 2420 [ERROR] InnoDB: ./ibdata1 can't be opened in read-write mode
2017-09-15 16:01:02 2420 [ERROR] InnoDB: The system tablespace must be writable!
2017-09-15 16:01:02 2420 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' init function returned error.
2017-09-15 16:01:02 2420 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.
2017-09-15 16:01:02 2420 [ERROR] Unknown/unsupported storage engine: InnoDB
2017-09-15 16:01:02 2420 [ERROR] Aborting

去先检查plugin.frm权限,frm是MySQL表结构定义文件,通常frm文件是不会损坏的,但是如果出现特殊情况出现frm文件损坏也不要放弃希望,当修复MyISAM和InnoDB表时,MySQL服务会首先去调用frm文件,所以我们只能通过修复frm文件进行后面的数据恢复。

然后我们发现plugin.frm有权限,也是mysql属主:

root@hutaojie-1-pdd-sh:/data1/mysql/mysql# ll plugin.*
-rwxrwxrwx 1 mysql mysql 8586 Mar 6 2016 plugin.frm*
-rwxrwx--x 1 mysql mysql 116 Mar 6 2016 plugin.MYD*
-rwxrwx--x 1 mysql mysql 2048 Mar 6 2016 plugin.MYI*
root@hutaojie-1-pdd-sh:/data1/mysql/mysql#

google之后发现,原来问题在os这里,ubatu的mysql通过yum安装或者rpm安装的时候,会建一个/etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.mysqld 文件,如果数据目录不在这里面,则会报错,

/usr/sbin/mysqld: Can't find file: ‘./mysql/plugin.frm' (errno: 13 - Permission denied)

解决方法

所以解决办法是在里面加上新的datadir目录。

root@huayuan:/var/lib# vim /etc/apparmor.d/usr.sbin.mysqld 

# vim:syntax=apparmor
# Last Modified: Tue Jun 19 17:37:30 2007
#include <tunables/global>

/usr/sbin/mysqld {
 #include <abstractions/base>
 #include <abstractions/nameservice>
 #include <abstractions/user-tmp>
 #include <abstractions/mysql>
 #include <abstractions/winbind>

 capability dac_override,
 capability sys_resource,
 capability setgid,
 capability setuid,

 network tcp,

 /run/mysqld/mysqld.pid rw,
 /run/mysqld/mysqld.sock w,

 /sys/devices/system/cpu/ r,
 #.........这里面写新的datadir目录,写2行,一行r,一行rwk。
 /data3/mysql/ r,
 /data3/mysql/** rwk,
 # Site-specific additions and overrides. See local/README for details.
 #include <local/usr.sbin.mysqld>
}

然后重启mysql实例,ok,问题解决。

文章评论

热门栏目